Parts of the Guitar


This lesson will let you become familiar with the parts of the guitar.  This first diagram shows all of the parts on an acoustic guitar.  Check it out.

Parts of the Acoustic Guitar

parts of the guitar

Starting at the bottom of the guitar (left on the diagram), the most important parts to recognize and become familiar with are the bridge, saddle, frets, strings, nut, headstock and machine head.


The bridge of the guitar is where the saddles sit and is glued onto the soundboard.

parts of the electric guitarSaddles

The saddles are where the guitar strings sit on the bridge. These must be perfectly placed in order to have correct intonation on the guitar.


The frets are what make individual notes on the guitar.  When you press down on a string on the fretboard, the string and the metal make contact, shortening the vibration of the string and making a higher note than the open note.


There are six strings on the guitar.  Each string gets higher as you go up the fretboard.  Looking from top to bottom on the guitar, the strings are tuned high to low to the following notes: E A D G B E


At the opposite end of the guitar, the nut provides the same function as the saddles except at the part of the neck where the fretboard meets the headstock.

parts of the les paul style guitarHeadstock

The headstock is where the tuning pegs (machine heads) are located.  The only real function is to house the tuning pegs and this is also usually where the logo of the guitar brand is.

Machine Heads

These machine heads, or tuning pegs as they are commonly known, allow you to tune the guitar by turning the peg either clockwise or counterclockwise.  If you tighten the string, the note will get higher, if you loosen the string, the note will get lower.

Parts of the Guitar

I hope you have enjoyed this lesson on the parts of the guitar.  If you take a look at the other diagrams, I have included the parts of the electric guitar in both fender and gibson styles.  I won’t go into a lot of detail into these parts just yet.  The advanced lessons will look at using these components to produce metal and rock music. For now, we’re just going to become familiar with the acoustic guitar but whether you have an electric or acoustic guitar, you can still follow along on our How To Guitar lessons at home.



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